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WOOD PACKING RESTRICTIONS IN INTERNATIONAL OCEAN FREIGHT - ISPM 15 RULES (as a guide only)  

THE UPDATED LINK IS IN - http://internationalshippingusa.com/ISPM_15_Rules.aspx

New regulations have now been implemented in the international ocean freight shipping industry. It relates to prevent the spread of plant pests and diseases throughout the world, when shipping international ocean freight from or to the USA using wood packing materials (including dunnage). These regulations have been originated from the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC - www.ippc.int) and known worldwide as ISPM 15 rules. ISPM 15 rules apply on international ocean freight shipments containing wood packaging material such as pallets, crates, dunnages, drums, wood cases etc.

ISPM 15 requires that all international ocean freight shipments using any species of raw wood packaging must be fumigated or heat treated to kill insects or fungus and stamped with the approved stamp, before international ocean freight is allowed entry or crossing through a participating country.

ISPM 15 in international ocean freight

Here are examples of a stamps used on pallets to indicate ISPM 15 compliance.

ISPM 15 stamp in international ocean freight shipment       certified international ocean freight pallet     certified international ocean freight pallet 

The stamps show customs that all solid wood packaging material for the international ocean freight shipment has been treated to meet the ISPM 15 requirements. Non-compliance can be a serious problem for your ocean freight export or import. Customs can turn back, repackage or destroy items that do not meet the ISPM 15 standards for the international ocean freight shipment. For example, the United States standard requires immediate re-export of non-compliant products with no exceptions. Delays and increased ocean freight shipping costs will be the responsibility of the shipper.

You may consider a professional packing service for your international ocean freight shipment. We may recommend Navis. Open the directory of Navis locations in PDF file.

Note: ISPM 15 rules in the international ocean freight industry apply on all export and import from and to the USA innitiated with either international shipping companies (International Freight Forvarders, NVOCCs, VOCCs) or international moving companies.

Professional international moving companies must be aware of and comply with ISPM 15 rules. If an international moving company takes care of packing of your goods for your international ocean freight shipment from or to the USA, then always insure that your goods are properly packed by the international moving company in respect of compliance with these ISPM 15 rules.

AVOIDING PROBLEMS RELATED TO ISPM 15 IN INTERNATIONAL OCEAN FREIGHT

Important to understand that basically the ISPM 15 regulates international ocean freight shipments containing NON-MANUFACTURED WOOD PACKING MATERIALS (NWPM) – also called solid wood packing material or SWPM, and defined as "wood packing other than that comprised wholly of wood-based products such as plywood, particle board, oriented strand board, veneer, wood wool, etc., which has been created using glue, heat, and pressure or a combination thereof".

THE EASIEST WAY TO AVOID POSSIBLE PROBLEMS RELATED TO THE ISPM 15 IN INTERNATIONAL OCEAN FREIGHT SHIPMENTS IS TO DO NOT USE NWPM. PACK YOUR CARGO WITH CARDBOARD, PLYWOOD, VENEER ETC ONLY or DO NOT USE WOOD IN YOUR PACKING AT ALL. USE PLASTIC SHIPPING SUPPLIES.

Here are some more details that may help you to prepare your international ocean freight shipment:

  • International ocean freight shipments containing only loose cardboards shipping boxes complies with ISPM 15 regulations. You may order cardboards shipping boxes for your international ocean freight shipment via our website

    Shipping boxes for international ocean freight

  • Use ONLY ISPM 15 certified and stamped wooden pallets and crates for international ocean freight shipments.  
     
     
    ISPM 15 stamped pallets for the international ocean freight shipment
        
     
  • Wood packaging even wholly made of wood-based products such as plywood, particle board, oriented strand board or veneer that have been created using glue, heat and pressure or a combination thereof should be considered sufficiently processed to have eliminated the risk associated with the raw wood. It is unlikely to be infested by raw wood pests during its use and therefore should not be regulated for these pests on your export or import ocean freight shipment. 
       
  • Using packing materials that do not contain wood makes your international ocean freight shipment an exemption from ISPM 15 regulations. Plastic pallets cases and crates of different sizes and forms for the international ocean freight shipping are widely available on the market.   
     
                      Use a plastic pallet for international ocean freight shipments                       plastic crates in international ocean freight shipping

The ISPM 15 regulations in international ocean freight shipments break down into two key areas – export and treatment documents. Exactly how many documents are required varies from country to country.

  • If you self-pack an international ocean freight shipment using wood packing materials (i.e. use a service from an international ocean freight shipping company) then you should find out the precise ISPM 15 requirements by contacting a related officials (customs for example) at your destination or the destination country local consulate.  
     
  • If you hire a professional packing company, an international moving company or an international ocean freight carrier's shipping terminal palletizes your boxes, then parties that take care of your cargo should be aware of and comply with the ISPM 15 regulations on your international ocean freight shipment.

 

 
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